Tissue grafts are sometimes required due to gingival recession or a lack of adequate gum tissue. Recession can be caused by periodontal disease or something as common as over-aggressive tooth brushing. You can usually see if the gum line appears to recede in an area - the root of the tooth is usually yellower than the enamel. Gum recession may cause hot and cold sensitivity. You may also not like the fact that you look "long in the tooth". Gum grafting can often restore the the esthetics of the teeth and let you smile with confidence again.
Different types of grafting can be accomplished done depending upon each individual needs. Pedicle grafting rotates tissue from an adjacent area to cover the recessed tooth. Free soft tissue graft and Subepitheal connective tissue grafts utilize your own tissue taken from a donor sight in your mouth.
Other factors that can contribute to gum recession. Once these factors have been identified by Dr. Morgan or Dr. Lemke, your recession can be addressed. You will be on your way to a better smile as well as protecting your dental health.
Platelet Rich Fibrin (PRF)
A Platelet Rich Fibrin (PRF) graft is an all-natural membrane grafting material produced by your own body. PRF grafts provide a lower risk of infection, dry socket, and implant complications, while offering accelerated healing benefits for patients. These grafts contain high levels of growth factors and are ideal for regenerating both soft tissue and bone, and can be used along with another form of graft or alone.
To obtain this membrane, the patient’s own blood is drawn at the time of the procedure by one of our three in-house Phlebotomists. It is then spun in a centrifuge to separate the fibrin (gelled membrane that contains loads of regenerative white blood cells) from the red blood cells and the membrane is then placed in the surgical area. The process is quick, painless and can be done at the same time as your procedure.
Bone grafts are required for a variety of reasons:
To fill the void created by tooth extraction, trauma, congenital missing teeth or periodontal disease.
Bone grafting is often performed when a dental implant is planned to replace a missing tooth. This is to strengthen the area to better hold and support the dental implant. It is most important that the enough quality bone be present to place exactly the proper size, shape and type of implant required for each case.
Bone grafting is also done to restore or preserve esthetic appearance and functionality of the dental ridge and for future tooth replacement treatment.
Several options for bone grafting are available (autogenous, allograft and xenograft).
Drs. Morgan and Lemke will be happy to review the procedures with you at your evaluation appointment. We will make our recommendation for the best possible treatment for your specific needs.
Depending on your individual healing process after the bone graft is placed, a period of time usually varying from 3-6 months is necessary for the graft to fully become new, strong bone. A simple dental x-ray will reveal the level of bone growth.